Fake news websites intentionally publish propaganda, hoaxes, and misinformation by using social media to drive web traffic. These tips will help you ferret out the legitimate sources of information.
A report published by Claire Wardle and Hossein Derakhshan, identifies three types of information falling under the umbrella of "Information Disorder". Misinformation is false information, malinformation is factual information that is spread with the intent to cause harm and disinformation is false information that is spread with malicious intent. There are seven types of Mis- and Dis- information listed here, from the lowest to the highest potential for harm:
Wardle, C., & Derakhshan, H. (2017). Information disorder: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making. Council of Europe report, 27, 1-107.
FactCheck.org is sponsored by the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania--a nonprofit, nonpartisan consumer advocate for citizens that aims to test honesty and integrity for voters in U.S. politics.
FlackCheck.org is the political literacy companion to FactCheck.org. This site targets deceptive arguments in political ads.
Snopes is the "definitive Internet reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation."
Politifact is a Pulitzer Prize winning site managed by the Tampa Bay Times Newspaper. "Politifact is a fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials and others who speak up in American politics..." Their mission and principles are reported under "About Us".
Duke Reporters' Lab (Fact Checking)
Duke Reporters' Lab features a database of global fact-checking sites and how they identify the chosen sites.
Mediabiasfactcheck.com is a comprehensive fact checking database with rankings of 2100+ media sources.
AllSides Media Bias Chart
AllSides Media Bias Chart "offers an easy way to identify political bias in the news so you can be better equipped to navigate our polarized media landscape." Learn why media bias matters and how it creates "filter bubbles."
Ad Fontes Media Bias Chart
Ad Fontes Media Bias Chart rates news for bias and reliability using a rigorous methodology and a politically balanced team of analysts. The focus is on analyzing the news content of articles and shows.